With the expansion of Global Warming and the spread of familiarity with its belongings, the terms, for example, ‘sustainable development’ are dependably in discourse and we continue running over them. As the expression “sustainable development” implies it alludes to advancement in such a way, to the point that it is good with sustenance. The natural resources that are used for the advancement must be expended in such a way, to the point that they may recharge and the rest of the amounts are sufficient for the coming ages. Maintainable advancement in this way alludes to improvement which encourages the continuation of life on our planet. The necessities of the present age must not undermine the desires for the generations of the future.
The UAE federal law no. 24 of 1999 (hereinafter known as ‘the law’) contains provisions regarding sustainable development. First, it casts a duty on the people responsible for development of the country or those who play any role in the process of development, who are responsible for planning, economic and constructional development, to consider aspects of protection of the environment, control of pollution and rational use of natural resources when developing economic and social plans and when establishing and executing of projects.
The second duty vested in the Federal Environmental Agency who is to counsel and arrange with the skilled specialists and the general population worried about the development and embrace the planning, issuance, modification, development and updating estimations and norms of environmental protection. The Agency while deciding the measures for environmental security is to consistently remember that the measures must be, for example, to encourage sustainable development for which it should constantly strike a harmony between the innovative technological capabilities accessible and the monetary cost in such a way, to the point that the levels of contamination stay in charge and the necessities for a sound and healthy environment are satisfied.
The measures and standards for sustainable growth and development and environmental protection by the Federal Environmental Agency are to be complied with at all times and the only time when non-compliance shall be tolerated is in the case of emergency or in case a non-compliant act is necessary in order to protect the lives or the ensure the safety of the establishment or work area. But it is essential that such acts of non-compliance must be notified to the Agency and the competent authorities so as to enable them to take necessary measures for damage control.
Further the law also prohibits certain acts enlisted below that are derogatory to the lives of animals that help maintain a wholesome environment:
1. It is prohibited to hunt, kill or capture birds, wild and marine animals identified and specified in three lists that are attached with the law.
2. It is prohibited to possess, transport, wander with, sell or offer such birds or animals for sale, alive or dead, without obtaining a license from the competent authorities.
3. It is also prohibited to damage the nests or destroy the eggs of the said birds. The executive regulations shall determine the areas licensed for hunting, the conditions for licensing and the means of supervision that are necessary for the implementation of this article.
The law has also prescribed sanctions for violation of any of the above three prohibitions. The degree of punishment is in accordance to the category of the birds and animals. For violations in respect to the birds or animals that are listed in the first list the punishment prescribed is a term of imprisonment for a period of no less than six months and a fine of no less than twenty thousand Dirhams. For violations in respect to the birds or animals that are listed in the second list the punishment prescribed is a term of Imprisonment for a period of no less than three months and a fine of no less than ten thousand Dirhams or either punishment. For violations in respect to the birds or animals that are listed in the third list the punishment prescribed is a term of Imprisonment for a period of no less than one month and a fine of no less than five thousand Dirhams or either punishment.
Apart from this, any other violation with respect of any regulation prescribed by the law is punishable by a fine of not less than Five Hundred Dirhams (AED 500) and not exceeding Ten Thousand Dirhams (AED 10,000). The punishment in all cases of repetition of violation is double the term of imprisonment and double the fine amount that was awarded during the prior conviction.
Aside from the previously mentioned sanctions, the law has additionally received the Polluter Pays Principle (PPP) as per which when a man either deliberately or because of any careless demonstration of his causes harm to the environment, he is to make up for the loss endured by all individuals due to the said environmental harm. Not exclusively does the individual need to adjust for such loss, he is additionally expected to bear up all costs that are caused during the time spent treating or removing such environmental harm.
The UAE is assuming a dynamic part in advancing sustainable development and in encouragement of that the twentieth Session of the Commission on Sustainable Development which occurred on 29th-30th May 2013 was facilitated by UAE and was held in Dubai. The issues with respect to the climatic change, food security, water security, expanding dry spell and desertification, natural calamities, cataclysmic events and extraordinary occasions (dust storms, heat waves, and floods), illnesses and pandemics in the Arab district were the primary exchange topics amid this gathering and it reaffirmed the standards counted by the Rio Declaration in 1992.
There are also numerous private establishments that offer their services to industries and institutions in undertaking their projects in a supportable manner. One such organization is the Middle East Centre for Sustainable Development (MECSD) which provides for guidelines for green building and efficient use of Energy. Also it provides for a LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Certification for the establishments that undertake green building.
The Emirate of Dubai has frequently been condemned for its unsustainable rate of urbanization and the outrageous utilization of natural resources for the change of the desert. Additionally, the undertakings of the making of artificial islands are said to fall apart the oceanic living things. Dubai needs to revaluate its own environmental arrangements keeping in mind the end goal to take the standards of sustainable development and practicing environmental awareness.